IPM Resource: Wild Pollinators of Eastern Apple Orchards and How to Conserve Them

Insect pollination is a vital service for agricultural systems, and bees are the most important of all insect pollinators. In the United States alone, the value of pollination services by bees is estimated to be $18 billion, but these services are threatened, and finding alternatives is crucial for long-term pollination success. Eastern orchards have a unique opportunity to simultaneously conserve wild bee populations and to benefit from their contribution to fruit pollination.

This 18-page, full-color guide helps readers identify wild pollinators, provide them with food and habitat, and avoid pesticides that are toxic to them. By encouraging wild bee abundance and diversity, agricultural growers may be able to buffer rising honey bee rental costs while creating an environment that better supports both wild and commercial bees.

Download the Wild Pollinators guide (PDF)


Mia Park, Bryan Danforth, John Losey, Arthur Agnello (Cornell University)
David Biddinger, Edwin Rajotte (Penn State University)
Mace Vaughan, Jolie Dollar (The Xerces Society)

Supported, in part, with funding from the Northeastern IPM Center (NortheastIPM.org) and the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.